Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS)


Our Institute

OGS (The Italian Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics) is a public internationally oriented research Institute financed by the Italian Ministry of University and Research – MIUR, which performs research studies turned to the knowledge about Earth and its resources in the fields of basic and applied research in Oceanography, Geophysics and Marine Geology, Applied Geophysics and exploration.
Its roots date back to the second half of the XVII Century when empress Maria Theresa of Austria founded the School of Astronomy and Navigation as a response to the demands of development in terms of maritime transports. Over the years OGS has developed high technology competence and skills, in order to manage both the acquisition of inshore and offshore geophysical data and the following steps such as the evaluation and the interpretation of the results.
For many years, the Institute has been involved, with its own vessel too, in geophysical investigations in the Antarctic as well as in important oceanographic projects concerning the study of the Mediterranean Sea and climate change on a global scale.


OGS applies its own expertise in Earth and in Marine Sciences, as well as in Polar regions to contribute not only to the spreading and widening of the knowledge, but also to the practical solution of environmental, economical and social issues.
With RV-OGS Explora, its own oceanographic research vessel, and other strategic infrastructures of excellence, OGS works for the safeguarding and enhancement of the environmental and natural resources in order to evaluate and prevent geological, environmental and climatic risks, with the aim of spreading scientific culture and knowledge. All these efforts are also made in collaboration with analogous European and international institutions, with private high-tech industries and qualified enterprises.
The aim is to support the transfer of the results of the research from the scientific world to the production sector and thus to contribute to the technological and socio-economic development of the Country.

Located in Trieste, Italy, the Department of Oceanography is deeply involved in many of the major European projects concerning the Mediterranean Sea. The Department is currently active in 5 National, 15 EUROPEAN and 23 other international projects.

Human Resources

267 people work at OGS, including researchers, technologists, technicians and administrative staff.

Where We Are

OGS has three headquarters in the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region:

Head Office

The Head Office hosts the Presidency, the Administrative and Technical Departments as well as the Scientific Sections of Oceanography, Geophysics and Infrastructures. The Head Office is located in the Municipality of Sgonico, 12 km away from the centre of Trieste.

Santa Croce

The biochemistry and biology laboratories, which are part of the Oceanography Section are located at the Santa Croce headquarters.


The Seismology Section is located in the city of Udine.

OGS (Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale)
Borgo Grotta Gigante 42/C 34010 Sgonico (TS)
Tel. +39 040 21401
Fax +39 040 327307